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Herbal Medicines: Are they what they claim to be?

Let’s start with a story from Dr. Kevin Pho, an internal medicine physician:

I once diagnosed a patient with high cholesterol, and prescribed him a medicine commonly known as a Statin.  When I saw him months later for follow-up, he admitted that he didn’t fill the prescription. “I took red yeast rice capsules instead,” he said. When I asked him why, he told me that he was wary of Statins’ long list of side effects and felt taking a “natural,” over-the-counter cholesterol-fighting supplement was safer.

The moral of the story

Herbal drugs constitute a major share of all the officially recognised systems of health in India viz. Ayurveda, Yoga, Unani, Siddha, Homeopathy and Naturopathy, except Allopathy. More than 70% of India’s 1.2 billion population still use these non-allopathic systems of medicine.

It’s a fact that certain herbs have real medicinal value. After all, many commonly used prescription drugs have their origins in naturally occurring substances. Therefore, the question to ask is “why is the medical profession not embracing the use of herbal supplements?” The answer is based upon various issues that immediately surface such as efficacy, side effects, potency and quality assurance.

Herbal Medicines: Are they what they claim to be?

When it comes to herbal supplements, doctors generally inform patients that most have little evidence to suggest that they actually work, but leave the ultimate decision of whether to take them to patients.  But given the results of recent studies, many doctors are beginning to wonder if patients are better off avoiding these supplements altogether.

While smaller studies have previously suggested that herbal supplements are often not what they seem, an October 2013 study from BMC Medicine used DNA analysis to provide the most definitive evidence to date.  Researchers looked at 44 randomly selected supplements, and found that one-third had no trace of the plant advertised on the label.  The problems are widespread and quality control for many companies, whether through ignorance, incompetence or dishonesty, is unacceptable.

But this goes beyond false advertising.  Herbal supplements can cause real health damage.  Some pills use fillers that are made up of rice, or worse, black walnut, which can severely affect those with nut allergies, while others contain unlabeled toxic ingredients.  Many also interact with prescription drugs, like garlic which can increase the effect of blood thinners and cause life-threatening bleeding.

Despite the data, many patients feel that supplements are safe, sometimes even preferring them to prescription drugs.  This reflects the mindset of the majority of people who falsely believe that herbal pills have to be approved by their country’s central medical authority before being sold.  Patients also may not be aware that up to 70% of herbal drug producers violated manufacturing guidelines designed to prevent adulteration of their pills. Of course, prescription medications have the potential of uncommon, and in rare cases, serious, side effects, but these drugs are regulated so at least we know what’s inside them, and if what’s inside them works.  That’s certainly far more than we can say about the vast majority of herbal supplements patients take today.

Overcoming the challenges of Electronic Health Records (EHR)

There’s no question that healthcare needs to adopt new technology like Electronic Health Records (EHR) that makes us more effective and efficient and curbs costs. In today’s world, providers of all sizes and backgrounds continue to find it challenging to integrate existing systems with EHRs for a variety of reasons, as listed in our previous article.

As the industry evolves, technology solutions need to be smarter and empower seamless integration.  The following are certain general guidelines providers must follow in order to avoid facing obstacles in the process of adoption and implementation of EHR Systems.


Make EHR planning and implementation a strategic initiative, not only an IT initiative.

One key to successful EHR implementation is securing the passion and commitment of the upper management and the support of the hospital leadership team before embarking on the journey of change. Senior leaders must view and frame EHR as a tool to deliver higher quality care to the communities that the organization serves.


Performance incentives and mandates

This has the potential of being a highly rewarding development that includes initiating quality-based reimbursement programs, rewarding medical firms for publishing performance reports, mandating specific quality improvement actions or use of specific IT applications, and even rewarding consumers for choosing higher-quality providers on the basis of these performance reports.


Anticipate that the EHR initiative will take longer and cost more than you think.

Most health care organizations underestimate—by nearly 100 percent—the time and costs associated with implementing advanced EHR functions, including clinical order entry, nursing and physician information documentation, clinical decision support and bar-coding medication.

Over time, the greatest share of EHR investment is dedicated to hardware, software and training, which together constitute roughly 60 percent of total EHR implementation costs. However, these costs shrink over time, and the amount spent on support and maintenance labour increases almost fourfold. It’s important these factors are kept in mind and planned for well in advance.


Focus on acquiring and developing top talent.

Health care organizations are experiencing a significant shortage of qualified IT professionals to meet the demand associated with EHR implementation and support. Unfilled IT positions are a major source of concern and managers should be focussed on planning not only how their organization will source enough talent from the marketplace, but also how to keep their current IT staff up to date on training, in order to efficiently meet longer-term demands.


Create a culture that supports effective EHR adoption.

There is a need for a consistent focus on changing management and workforce engagement to ensure that key stakeholders, particularly physicians, get behind the effort and understand the benefits of using EHR components. Strong personal effort by leaders to shape the culture will often be necessary. For example, Chief Information Officers must commit to spending at least one evening every week with cohorts of physicians, educating them on the benefits of EHR tools.

Challenges to EMR implementation

If you were a healthcare provider and all you did was read press releases, you’d be tempted to think that transitioning to a new EMR (Electronic Medical Records) system involved little more than opening the package and plugging in the contents. Naturally, things are a little more complicated than that, but many providers aren’t aware of just how much more complicated the truth really is.

We’ve compiled a list of the top challenges in implementing an EMR:

1. Cost: Few providers have enough cash on hand to make an upfront capital investment in an EMR system. Coupled with that is the inability to calculate the total cost of the solution when infrastructure, training, and support are taken into account. Without the support of sufficient resources, a return on investment (ROI) won’t be reached.

2. Time: Many providers, especially those working in small practices, report that they fear losing business as a result of putting the right amount of time into deploying an EMR system. Considering the revenue these providers generate from their patient appointment, a reduction in patient visits could prove detrimental to their bottom line.

3. Preparation: In order for a hospital or small practice to make a well-informed decision, all stakeholders must collaborate and reach a consensus. Without a shared vision and widespread support, the successful implementation and sustainability of the right system could be doomed from the very beginning. A great amount of planning on the front end will ensure that fewer surprises appear on the back end.

4. Rollout strategy: An EMR can go live in two ways:

  • On the one hand, there’s The Big Bang Theory wherein everything launches at once, which requires significant resources and a dedicated support staff that can respond to the needs of providers as and when they arise;
  • On the other hand, there’s The Incremental Approach in which portions of the system become available one at a time. This allows providers to learn as they go.

5. Training: Enough firsthand experience and research in countries where EMRs have already been implemented have shown that personnel who receive adequate training on an EMR system show better progress and efficiency than those who don’t. The impact of proper and pervasive training on sustainability of an EMR can’t be emphasized enough.

6. Culture: Some providers have worked so long in a paper world that the transition to a digital format is intimidating. Using an EMR software means that doctors, nurses, and eventually even customers adapt their methods to electronic record-keeping. Simply reproducing a paper-based system doesn’t take advantage of what a digital system can do.

7. Date Migration: Moving to an EMR from a paper-based or inferior digital system could lead to data loss. While entry of date and scanning of documents are time-consuming processes, they can cost less time if only necessary data is moved. The purpose of transitioning to an electronic system is not to archive all paper documentation; but only that information which is critical to the patient’s treatment in the future.

Using technology is really new for a lot of practices. Many practices struggle with performance issues related to their workflows, largely because their care delivery structures aren’t always suited to taking advantage of EMRs and they’re not clear on the proper steps toward greater efficiency. On the whole however, there are very simple ways to battle these challenges. In the next post we would be talking about what should ideally happen during an EMR software implementation and how we tackle these challenges.

The Relationship Between ICT and EMRs

In an emerging economy like India, the health sector’s performance is often suboptimal due to an increased burden of factors like underdevelopment, political instability, weak institutions, inadequately developed social sectors, scarcity of resources, and marked social inequalities. With low-cost innovation, cheap mobile handsets and more ‘inclusive’ solutions filling in crucial gaps in health information and access, technology has a potential to grow capacity in this sector tremendously.

Continuing from our previous blog post, we would like to familiarise you with the birth of Electronic Medical Records (EMRs) in India, which starts by knowing a little bit about Information and Communications Technology (ICT). The term ICT is used to refer to the convergence of audio-visual and telephone networks with computer networks through a single link system.

India’s Healthcare sector is poised for major growth in the next decade. With more growth, comes more information, and with more information, comes a very real possibility of more confusion. To combat this and avoid a loss of vital data, there is a need to extensively adopt the use of ICT for the following reasons:

  1. ICT is the basis of Electronic Medical Records as it merges technology with maintaining medical information in an easy-to-use manner.
  2. To ensure that medical policies are well understood, interpreted and implemented, all practices are consistent and standardised.
  3. To ensure transparency in all operations.
  4. To ensure that important information about patients (medical records, private records, prescribed medication, etc) is not scattered about and is instead kept in one place, where it can be accessed from various sources, but under supervision.
  5. To allow for the effective use of international experience and the world’s best practices in information management.
  6. With different vendors using different standards for similar or same systems, it is not surprising all-round inefficiency, waste and errors in healthcare information are common. ICTs ensure standardisation across institutions and users of EMRs.
  7. To allow EMRs to support better follow-up information for patients – for example, after a visit to a doctor’s clinic or hospital stay, instructions and information for the patient can be effortlessly provided and reminders for other follow-ups care can be sent easily or even automatically to the patient. Patients can also have their prescriptions ordered and their insurance claims registered and ready even before they leave the clinic/hospital.
  8. To allow studies to be carried out across the country, thereby generatings more accurate statistics to present to international bodies about India’s healthcare sector.

The benefits of incorporating ICT in healthcare include better access to complete and accurate electronic health records that collect information to improve diagnoses, prevent errors, and save precious response times, lead to greater engagement of patients in their own healthcare, improve knowledge of the population at large in a diverse country like India, and usher in increased administrative efficiency in a country where the public health infrastructure is in a mess.

Say hello to a better future

Imagine a record of every little medical problem you have faced, no matter how big or small but diagnosed, all kept in one place, for you to look at when or before something goes wrong. Even better, imagine the same for a near and dear one- think of how easy it would be to live a healthy life, where you’re aware of what you’ve been through and what’s likely to happen in the future, just by looking at your records in that one safe place.

Electronic Medical Records or EMRs have arrived. They are a solution from the future brought to us through concern, innovation and technology.

Electronic Medical Records help to:

  • Create, access and manage patient records easily.
  • Improve patient experience.
  • Save doctors time and energy spent on paperwork.
  • Give doctors access to consolidated patient information within seconds.
  • Save costs, time and energy involved in managing patient records.
  • Cater to key medical specialties – ophthalmology, obstetrics & gynecology, orthopedics, neurology, nephrology, pediatrics and cardiology, to name a few.

It simplifies the way healthcare providers manage their patient records by creating a patient management system that seamlessly connects the entire institution putting all patient information at your fingertips in a few seconds.

  • One patient-one record principle.
  • Centralized front-end system.
  • Web-enabled access.
  • Consolidated records.
  • User-friendly interface.
  • Customizable interfaces for each medical specialty.

As we say here at cloudchowk, healthcare information is equally crucial for both medical facilities and patients. The EMR system understands that and aims to make healthcare not just a satisfactory service provided to people all over the world, but a dream come true. Stay connected for updates on our flagship suites for the healthcare industry.

Simplifying Parkinson’s Disease

Simplifying Parkinson’s Disease

Over 7 million people are afflicted with Parkinson’s disease in our country. It is hardly a life once the disease kicks in, so it pays to know what it’s about and how to know if you have it.

What Is Parkinson’s disease?

Parkinson’s disease is a brain disorder that causes a gradual loss of muscle control. The symptoms of Parkinson’s tend to be mild at first and can sometimes be overlooked. Distinctive signs of the disease include tremors, stiffness, slowed body movements, and poor balance. Parkinson’s was originally called a “shaking palsy,” but not everyone with Parkinson’s has a tremor.

Parkinson’s Progression

While Parkinson’s can be a frightening diagnosis, life expectancy is about the same as for people without the disease. For some people symptoms evolve slowly over 20 years. Early treatment can provide years that are virtually symptom-free. About 5% to 10% of cases occur before age 50.

The early signs of Parkinson’s may be subtle and can be confused with other conditions. They include:

  • Slight shaking of a finger, hand, leg, or lip
  • Stiffness or difficulty walking
  • Difficulty getting out of a chair
  • Small, crowded handwriting
  • Stooped posture
  • A ‘masked’ face, frozen in a serious expression

Symptom: Tremor

Tremor is an early symptom for about 70% of people with Parkinson’s. It usually occurs in a finger or hand when the hand is at rest — but not when the hand is in use. It will shake rhythmically, usually four to six beats per second, or in a “pill-rolling” manner, as if rolling a pill between the thumb and index finger. Tremor also can be a symptom of other conditions, so by itself it does not indicate Parkinson’s.

Symptom: Bradykinesia

As people grow older, they naturally slow down. But if they have “bradykinesia,” a sign of Parkinson’s, the slow movement may impair daily life. When they want to move, the body may not respond right away, or they may suddenly stop or “freeze.” The shuffling walk and “mask-like” face sometimes found in those with Parkinson’s can be due to bradykinesia.

Symptom: Impaired Balance

People with Parkinson’s tend to develop a stooped posture, with drooping shoulders and their head jutted forward. Along with their other movement issues, they may have a problem with balance. This increases the risk of falling

Who Gets PD?

The average age of onset is 62, but people over 60 still have only a 2% to 4% likelihood of developing the disease. Having a family member with PD slightly increases your risk. Men are one-and-a-half times more likely to have Parkinson’s than women

A Better Diet for Parkinson’s

It’s important to have a well-balanced diet, with calcium and vitamin D for bone strength. Although protein can interfere with levodopa, you can avoid the problem by taking the medicine about a half-hour before mealtime. If you have nausea, take your medicine with crackers or ginger ale. Eating a high-fiber diet with lots of fluids can prevent constipation.

Can Symptoms Be Prevented?

Researchers are investigating supplements or other substances that may protect neurons from the damage of Parkinson’s, but it is too soon to say whether they work. Coffee drinkers and smokers may have a lower risk of developing Parkinson’s (although smoking obviously has other serious health consequences)

All in all, there’s only so much we can do about Parkinson’s Disease, we can just place our hope in the researchers and scientists who are working tirelessly on a solution and pray that they come up with positive results soon. The only way we can do at the moment is stay healthy and drink an appropriate amount of coffee!

One in a Million, Literally

You know things are really bad if there isn’t someone for miles around to even document how bad it is. That’s how it is in the developing world; it’s a real healthcare crisis, where 1 billion people don’t have physical access to a hospital, clinic, doctor or medical care of any kind, no matter how basic. Some 400 million of them live in sub-Saharan Africa. Rural villagers there know that if a child falls ill, the 48 hour long walk for medical treatment can turn the common cold into a one way ticket to hell.

Thankfully for West Africa and in turn, the whole wide world, a fantastic man called Dr. Raj Panjabi is testing something that might solve this problem. His non-profit organisation Last Mile Health recognizes that putting a hospital or a doctor into every remote settlement isn’t feasible, but training a local villager to perform basic medical tasks and arming him or her with essential medicines can both save lives and create jobs.

So that’s what Panjabi has been doing in Liberia since 2005. This year, 300 frontline healthcare workers from Last Mile Health will treat more than 30,000 Liberians, saving a few hundreds lives in the process.

“If you got sick the city in the city, you had a chance,” says Dr. Panjabi. “If you were in a rural area, you died anonymously.”

Panjabi knew this first-hand. Born in Liberia itself, he watched a ruthless Civil War swarm across his country and brutally rip his family apart. Resettled in North Carolina, he became a doctor and joined the faculty of Harvard Medical School – a ticket to a life of fat salaries and high prestige.

But he never forgot where he’d grown up, and the death an decay he’d left behind. As the Civil War wound down a decade ago, Liberia had just 51 doctors left in a country of almost 4 million. (For a rough equivalent, think about 10 doctors treating the entire city of San Francisco.) In the Liberian rainforest, the densest in West Africa and undoubtedly the most inaccesible, that number pretty much stood at zero.

Panjabi found the right mentor at Harvard, Paul Farmer, whose Partners in Health had famously tackled the state of Third World medical care. Farmer admitted that the numbers in Liberia made any positive change seem more implausible than challenging; “One billion people will go to their graves, often prematurely, without meeting a healthcare worker.”

Panjabi’s model changes that. Last Mile Health’s village nurses screen for Tuberculosis, hydrate those with Diarrhea and provide nutritional supplements to newborns. Those with AIDS get anti-retroviral drugs, those with malaria get anti-malarials, and those with pneumonia get antibiotics. Basic stuff for the developed word – revolutionary stuff in the rainforest.

It’s hard to imagine how bad things can get in the world, but Dr. Panjabi’s unbelievable spirit of humanity and brilliance makes it a slightly less frightening picture to paint.

If monsoon comes, can diseases be far behind?

Once the monsoon is over, India returns to its characteristic back breaking heat. We may be becoming more used to it, but our bodies still react violently to the change no matter how many years we’ve been alive. This results in a range of health concerns that we should all be aware of. Here are the top five post monsoon illnesses in India:

1.     Malaria

Malaria is spread by the female Anopheles mosquitoes, which transmits the pathogen from an infected person to a healthy one. One might suffer from fever, headaches, nausea, muscle pain and weakness in malaria.

Preventative measures:

Firstly, for Malaria, there are some prophylactic drugs available to develop partial immunity. For treating malarial infections, Quinine was used at the earlier stage but nowadays this drug has been replaced by Quinacrine, Chloroquinine etc. Also, you can take an antimalarial drug such as Mefloquine, Atovaquone/Proguanil, or Doxycycline.

Secondly, you can take measures to prevent against mosquito bites.
Make sure that you limit outside activity between dusk and dawn, that there are no unscreened entry points into your house and keep all windows and doors closed during twilight and at night.  It is important to stock up on some basic anti-mosquito medication (ointments like Odomos and sprays like Bug Off), stay dry (as infected mosquitoes are especially attracted to damp skin- caused dude to perfumes, deodorants  or sweat) and use a mosquito net

2.     Dengue

Dengue Fever is a viral infection that’s carried by mosquitoes and causes fever, body aches, joint pain, and rash. It’s spread by what’s known as the tiger mosquito (Aedes Aegypti), which has black and yellow stripes and typically bites in the early morning or at dawn.

Preventative measures: Unfortunately, there aren’t any drugs available to prevent the virus.

Consuming adequate water will improve one’s immunity against dengue fever. In addition to the steps mentioned to avoid mosquito bites in the prevention of Malaria, the Aedes mosquito’s population can be greatly reduced if the breeding places of the mosquitoes – mostly waste water and garbage rich areas- can be reduced. The cleaning and recycling of garbage is highly recommended in dengue prone areas. Large water containers are to be treated before supplying it to the public for daily usage.

3.     Viral Fever

Viral fever is quite common in India during changes in weather. It’s characterized by fatigue, weakness, chills, body aches, and fever. The illness is usually transmitted through the air by droplets of sneezes from infected people, or by touching infected secretions. It lasts from three to seven days, with the fever at its most severe in the first three days. Respiratory symptoms tend to develop later on, and can include cough and in severe cases, Pneumonia.

Preventative measures: Prevention measures include avoiding swimming pools, outside food and water, intimate contact with an infected person, smoking and drinking. Avoid contaminated surfaces of telephones, computers, books and pens.

4.     Heat Related Illness

Dehydration and heat exhaustion are big issues during the hot weather in India, particularly for children. Symptoms include absence of urination, lethargy, fatigue, and headaches. Skin rashes, caused by excessive perspiration, are also a concern.

Preventative measures: Drink lots of water (and the popular Indian lemon water — Nimbu Pani) and take Oral Rehydration Salts. Alternatively, add half a teaspoon of salt and 3 teaspoons of sugar into 1 liter of water. Avoid drinking cold soft drinks containing preservatives. Also be aware that air conditioners can encourage dehydration by drying out your system. This can be overcome by splashing your face with water before and after you sleep. Bathe at least twice a day to remove perspiration from the skin and keep the body cool. Apply talcum powder to rash areas.


5.     Allergies and Hay Fever

Many trees start pollinating during the September to October period in India, triggering seasonal allergies among people. Common symptoms include inflammation in the lining of the nose and eyes. Allergic bronchitis, which affects the lung area and may induce breathing problems, can also be a problem.

Preventative measures: Allergy symptoms can be treated to a certain extent by taking anti-allergy and antihistamine drugs. Those who suffer from asthma should always carry their inhaler.

The monsoons are a great time to enjoy the weather and have a great time with friends and family. Don’t let these diseases pull you down!

EMR : Free or Not Free

Free ambulatory EMR platforms have become  popular with physician practices — particularly independent practitioners. However, for this demographic, a free EMR can mean more than a sense of euphoria.

There are several free EMR systems available, including Practice Fusion, Hello Health and Kareo, but their revenue-generating models all differ.

Practice Fusion is the poster child when it comes to free EHR platforms. The company has received several rounds of funding from private investors and has been referred to in the media as “The Facebook of EMRs.” Practice Fusion targets small to midsize medical practices throughout its evolution, has remained completely free for physicians to use. It has been careful to ensure the marketing messages don’t disrupt physician workflows; a single, almost understated, ad appears on the user interface, and this ad changes whenever the clinician navigates to a different EMR screen. Click that a patient has allergies, see an ad for Zyrtec. That in itself has brought up data mining/patient privacy concerns, as well as possible HIPAA rule violations. Many question whether this approach alone is viable for an application as critical to business operations and patient care as an EMR, considering advertising is a fickle business that can be greatly influenced by ebbs and flows in the economy.

Hello Health relies on patient contributions to make its EMR free. Physicians who use Hello Health ask patients to pay for the system. This model is actually billed as potentially revenue-building for offices, as doctors get about one-third of the patient’s total investment directly. In return, however, the patient gets access to things other patients who don’t pay for Hello Health don’t get. For instance, online appointment scheduling with blocked out periods of time strictly for Hello Health patients, virtual visits and emailing their doctor directly. It’s more of the concierge model for patients who want to pay for it.

The common drawback to these free EMR systems however is the data and security concerns. This has many users and practices asking, who owns the patient data in a free EMR, and what is being done with it?

For instance, a recent article focused on Practice Fusion emailing product reviews directly to the patient with the doctors’ name on the email – making it seem the email came directly from the doctor, when many had no idea this was happening.  Hello Health’s privacy policy also says that the data they collect can be used to send customers product news, send surveys or collected for research purposes; they do however say the data is “anonymized” prior to being sent.  Many have suggested that the real revenue stream for these free EMRs will be the selling of patient data to drug companies, researchers and others.

The major issue here with these free EMR systems is data privacy and security. A few EMR service providers have been known to sell sensitive user data to various drug manufactures and medical representatives. The question that always stays with these free EMR systems is that of doubt and knowing that your entire medical history is out in the open for anyone to see. For people who don’t consider this to be such a huge threat, a free EMR system is the way to go for them!

Get rid of the Top Four for good!

There are a number of diseases that have become quite common over the past century. All of these typically strike quite hard and can even be fatal. They cause pain, grief, and worry not only to the patient, but also to their families and friends. However, we are not entirely vulnerable. By learning more about these diseases, we can also know how to prevent them from occurring. Learn how:

 1. Heart disease 

Among the main types of heart disease are heart attacks, heart defects or failure, coronary artery disease, and arrhythmias. For most episodes of heart disease, common symptoms include chest pains and shortness of breath. A simple way to prevent heart disease is by living a healthy lifestyle regularly and consistently. This means maintaining a balanced diet, exercising sufficiently, and avoiding tobacco, excess alcohol, and other harmful chemicals. Even so, some heart disease may be due to genetics. Reduce the risk of heart disease and its deadly partner, coronary artery disease, by treating the conditions that contribute to them: high cholesterol, diabetes and high blood pressure.

 2. Skin Cancer

Skin cancer is most commonly caused by lengthy, unprotected sun exposure. It can show up as bumps, lesions, nodules, or moles on the skin. If you ever notice any of these things on your skin where previously there was none, consult a doctor at once before it worsens. To prevent it, always use a good sunscreen and use a hat and sunglasses when you are outdoors. A sunscreen with an SPF of 30 or 45 will provide adequate protection, but remember to reapply it after a couple of hours.

 3. Stroke

When the normal supply of blood that goes to the brain is interrupted, it causes a stroke. It is vital for the brain to receive that blood, and without that, it can start to shut down. Stroke is another disease that is cardiovascular. When someone starts to have a stroke, they usually find one side of their body is numb or unable to move normally. Additionally, they may have problems with vision, talking, and balance. In case of any of these warning signs, rush the person to the hospital right away. To prevent a stroke, attend an annual physical check-up and maintain a consistently healthy lifestyle in terms of exercise, diet, and abstinence from tobacco.

 4. Lung Disease

Lung cancer is hard to find and tough to treat. However, lung cancer is also one of the most preventable types of cancer. Firstly, smoking is the number one risk factor for lung cancer. It is estimated that 87% of lung cancer deaths are caused by smoking. Secondly, fruits and vegetables are rich with antioxidants and flavonoids which help protect your cell’s DNA and repair damaged cells. Thirdly, if you are exposed to fumes, dust, chemicals, etc in the workplace, talk to your employer about limiting exposure. Associated with lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) can also include infections, emphysema, some forms of asthma and chronic bronchitis

These simple changes in our eating habits and lifestyle can mean a lot of difference! We’d say start adopting to this change and start living a healthier lifestyle!